The ungulates

The Park houses several species of ungulates, in particular:

  • Ibex (Capra)
  • Chamois (Rupicapra)
  • Roe Deer (Capreolus)
  • Deer (Cervus elaphus)

For all the different species of ungulates present in the Park are carried out periodic censuses to assess the status and size of the population.
The Park for years has been pursuing a health monitoring plan of the fauna with special reference to ungulates; also in the case of the Ibex, is being carried out a specific research project, through the use of radio collar transmitters, that provides various types of ecoethology information about this species within the colony of the Park.

Interactions between wild and domestic animals

Many of the infectious or parasitic diseases that affect wild ungulates are transmitted to them by domestic animals that gravitate around or share the same pastures.

The interaction between domestic and wild animals in the Park, thanks to the experience gained over the years, did not create any problems. Cattle grazing are normally wormed about 30-60 days before the climb to the alpine hut. For what concerns transhumant sheep, their transit was limited to travel roads in the valley through the park, in order to minimize the contact between the latter and the ungulates.

Captures

Captures of wild animals in the Park, with particular reference to Ibex, are made to carry out ecologic- ethological and health research projects  (Dr. Marco Favalli) on this high biological value ungulate.

The capture is done via remote anesthesia using a syringe-shooter or a blowgun. The use of anesthetic substances for the capture of wild animals requires a certain experience especially for the choice of the active principles and their correct dosage.
After being anesthetized animals are blindfolded to decrease stress and they undergo a clinical examination which includes a blood sample for laboratory examination. Biometric analysis are performed simultaneously and a radio collar is applied: it will provide location information and other physiological parameters of the animal for a few years.
Generally over a period of about ten minutes, the Ibex is awakened by administering an anesthetic antidote (antagonist drug) and released on the spot.

Diseases

Reintroduction into nature